Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a general term for any condition that causes kidney damage and reduces kidney function over time. People in the early stages of kidney disease often don't have any symptoms, making it difficult to identify these conditions. Healthy kidneys, two bean-shaped organs found under the rib cage on both sides of the spine, are essential for filtering waste and water from the blood, as well as for eliminating waste and excess fluid by producing urine. According to the American Kidney Fund, approximately 37 million Americans have kidney disease. To prevent chronic kidney disease, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommends stopping smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, and working with your health professional to achieve a healthy weight.
Talk to your healthcare provider to understand the benefits and risks of any medication. A meta-analysis identified healthy dietary patterns that were associated with a lower mortality rate in people with chronic kidney disease. Evidence suggests that the best foods for kidney health are vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains and cereals, all of which are excellent sources of dietary fiber. Foods to avoid with chronic kidney disease include red meat, salt, and refined sugars. It's important to note that the National Kidney Foundation has identified a list of dietary supplements that may be harmful to people with chronic kidney disease, including supplements containing potassium, phosphorus and several herbal medicines. Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) is an antioxidant that can help treat one of the complications seen in kidney disease, cardiovascular disease (CVD).
A randomized controlled trial in patients undergoing hemodialysis found that ALA supplementation may increase the activity of certain antioxidant enzymes that protect against oxidative stress and oxidative disorders, including CVD. Animal studies suggest that these components may reduce liver and kidney (liver, kidney) toxicity due to alcohol. Moringa leaf extract may protect against kidney toxicity caused by acetaminophen, a common over-the-counter medication known as Tylenol or paracetamol. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is an amino acid and a precursor to glutathione, an important antioxidant in the body that attacks oxygen radicals. The findings suggest that NAC may benefit patients on hemodialysis by reducing oxidative stress and improving the outcomes of uremic anemia, a complication of CKD. A meta-analysis evaluated the effects of probiotic supplementation for at least four weeks in people with chronic kidney disease.
The analysis concluded that supplementation can protect the intestinal barrier by reducing levels of a urea toxin called p-cresyl sulfate and increasing levels of interleukin (IL) -6 (a signaling protein that has been shown to promote the growth and regeneration of cells that cover the intestines).Resveratrol has been shown to protect against several kidney problems, including drug-induced lesions, diabetic neuropathy, and hyperuricemic injury (due to high levels of uric acid). Researchers propose that resveratrol may target inflammation and oxidative stress associated with the progression of CKD, but clinical trials are needed. Vitamin B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid, niacin, pantothenic acid and biotin, as well as some C vitamins, are essential vitamins for people with chronic kidney disease. Vitamin C may be recommended in low doses, as large doses may cause an accumulation of oxalate. Oxalate can cause build-up in bones and soft tissue and can be painful over time. Kidney health supplements are made with a variety of vitamins, minerals, and natural herbs that improve kidney and kidney health.
Vitamins such as vitamin A fight infections while herbs such as andrographs protect the kidneys from toxins. Other common ingredients in kidney health supplements include dandelion root, nettles and ginger. You can also find ingredients such as probiotics and antioxidants. Some examples of antioxidants that promote kidney health are alpha lipoic acid (ALA), resveratrol and n-acetyl cysteine (NAC). CoQ10, silymarin and lipoic acid are also clinically supported interventions.
Omega-3 fatty acids help calm inflammation and help improve kidney health. A number of additional nutrients complement these actions such as folic acid (folate) and vitamins C and E.Kidney supplements intended to treat kidney stones are usually different from supplements that promote kidney health in general. Of course so do all other substances that are healthy for the body; drink enough water exercise (ti chi) and eat a healthy kidney-friendly diet. It helps the body absorb calcium and phosphorus; deposits these minerals in bones and teeth; regulates parathyroid hormone (PTH). Determine what stage of kidney disease you are in by calculating your glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and start monitoring your health.