In general, the FDA merely enforces post-marketing regulations because, unlike drugs that must demonstrate their safety and efficacy for their intended use prior to marketing, the law does not require the FDA to approve the safety of dietary supplements before they reach the consumer. The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, amended in 1994, allows the FDA to inspect the quality of dietary supplements and monitor reports of adverse reactions. This does not give the FDA the power to approve supplements before they hit the market. Dietary supplements were often thought of simply as foods.
But if they made claims about health properties or diseases, they would be regulated as drugs. In the 1980s, many different food manufacturers began making health claims. This raised the question of where do dietary supplements fit in? The Food and Drug Administration regulates the dietary supplement industry, but does not approve products before they go on the market. A Senate bill would require companies to provide information about their products to the FDA, which would use the information to create an online database for consumers.
The bill does not give the FDA any new regulatory power over dietary supplements. The FDA has long played a role in regulating dietary supplements. However, that function does not include approving products before they go on sale. The proposed dietary supplement listing law would require the FDA to create an online tool that consumers can use to search for information about supplements.
This tool would list ingredients, serving sizes, general safety information, health claims, allergens, safety warnings and precautions for all dietary supplements. The FDA has had regulatory authority over dietary supplements since 1994, and this bill does not expand their powers. Nor does it give the FDA the power to approve a product before it comes on the market or any new authority to recall products from the market. Regulations ensure that herbal supplements meet manufacturing standards, but are not a guarantee of effectiveness.
Herbal remedies have been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. However, herbal supplements have generally not been subject to the same scientific scrutiny and are not regulated as strictly as medications. It's important to know the potential benefits and side effects of herbal supplements before buying them. Be sure to talk to your doctor before taking any herbal supplement.
The U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates herbal supplements, but not as strictly as medications. It is important to do your research before buying any herbal supplement and talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.