What are the health benefits of vitamins and supplements?

Vitamins and minerals are considered essential nutrients because, acting together, they perform hundreds of functions in the body. They help strengthen bones, heal wounds, and boost the immune system. They also convert food to energy and repair cellular damage. Evidence suggests that some supplements may improve health in different ways.

The most popular nutrient supplements are multivitamins, calcium, and vitamins B, C, and D. Calcium promotes bone health, and vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium. Vitamins C and E are antioxidant molecules that prevent cell damage and help maintain health. Vitamins and minerals help the body in a wide variety of ways, many of which work together.

For example, vitamin E helps repair DNA, while vitamin B12 helps build it. Vitamin A promotes bone health, as does calcium and vitamin D. Vitamin E is an antioxidant that helps protect the body against damage caused by free radicals, such as exposure to cigarette smoke or radiation. Erythrocyte hemolysis is another deficiency: it is seen in babies who are born before the mother has transferred vitamin E to them before birth.

Finally, consumers can search for information on specific vitamins, minerals, and botanicals on trusted websites, such as those managed by the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and the National Institutes of Health. The best way to get vitamin E is through a healthy diet that contains plenty of fresh, minimally processed foods. The State of Victoria and the Department of Health will not assume any responsibility for the trust that a user places in the materials contained on this website. Vitamins and minerals are a form of nutrient (called micronutrients) that are needed in small amounts.

Talk to your health care providers about the products you're interested in and decide together what's best for you, if you can take anything, for your overall health. These include glucosamine (for joint pain) and herbal supplements, such as echinacea (for immune health) and flaxseed oil (for digestion). When it comes to vitamins and minerals, check the% of the Daily Value (DV) of each nutrient to make sure you don't get too much. Standard multivitamins include 100 percent of the recommended daily intake (RDI) of a variety of vitamins and minerals.

If you're not following a healthy diet and aren't planning to adopt one, you'll probably want to start with a multivitamin supplement. Water-soluble vitamins, including those in the B complex and vitamin C, are mostly only stored for a shorter period. The MyDS app provides the latest information on supplements and allows you to keep track of the vitamins, minerals, herbs, and other products you take. He has found that people who use supplements more frequently are also more likely to have a higher level of education and income, a healthier lifestyle, and a greater chance of following a healthy diet and exercising. But if you're already healthy, most supplements may not do much to improve your health or prevent death.

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